[PATCH 4.4-cip 01/23] UBSAN: run-time undefined behavior sanity checker


Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@...>
 

From: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>

commit c6d308534aef6c99904bf5862066360ae067abc4 upstream.

UBSAN uses compile-time instrumentation to catch undefined behavior
(UB). Compiler inserts code that perform certain kinds of checks before
operations that could cause UB. If check fails (i.e. UB detected)
__ubsan_handle_* function called to print error message.

So the most of the work is done by compiler. This patch just implements
ubsan handlers printing errors.

GCC has this capability since 4.9.x [1] (see -fsanitize=undefined
option and its suboptions).
However GCC 5.x has more checkers implemented [2].
Article [3] has a bit more details about UBSAN in the GCC.

[1] - https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-4.9.0/gcc/Debugging-Options.html
[2] - https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Debugging-Options.html
[3] - http://developerblog.redhat.com/2014/10/16/gcc-undefined-behavior-sanitizer-ubsan/

Issues which UBSAN has found thus far are:

Found bugs:

* out-of-bounds access - 97840cb67ff5 ("netfilter: nfnetlink: fix
insufficient validation in nfnetlink_bind")

undefined shifts:

* d48458d4a768 ("jbd2: use a better hash function for the revoke
table")

* 10632008b9e1 ("clockevents: Prevent shift out of bounds")

* 'x << -1' shift in ext4 -
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/<5444EF21.8020501@samsung.com>

* undefined rol32(0) -
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/<1449198241-20654-1-git-send-email-sasha.levin@oracle.com>

* undefined dirty_ratelimit calculation -
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/<566594E2.3050306@odin.com>

* undefined roundown_pow_of_two(0) -
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/<1449156616-11474-1-git-send-email-sasha.levin@oracle.com>

* [WONTFIX] undefined shift in __bpf_prog_run -
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/<CACT4Y+ZxoR3UjLgcNdUm4fECLMx2VdtfrENMtRRCdgHB2n0bJA@mail.gmail.com>

WONTFIX here because it should be fixed in bpf program, not in kernel.

signed overflows:

* 32a8df4e0b33f ("sched: Fix odd values in effective_load()
calculations")

* mul overflow in ntp -
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/<1449175608-1146-1-git-send-email-sasha.levin@oracle.com>

* incorrect conversion into rtc_time in rtc_time64_to_tm() -
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/<1449187944-11730-1-git-send-email-sasha.levin@oracle.com>

* unvalidated timespec in io_getevents() -
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/<CACT4Y+bBxVYLQ6LtOKrKtnLthqLHcw-BMp3aqP3mjdAvr9FULQ@mail.gmail.com>

* [NOTABUG] signed overflow in ktime_add_safe() -
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/<CACT4Y+aJ4muRnWxsUe1CMnA6P8nooO33kwG-c8YZg=0Xc8rJqw@mail.gmail.com>

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix unused local warning]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix __int128 build woes]
Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Yury Gribov <y.gribov@samsung.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com>
Cc: Kostya Serebryany <kcc@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@codethink.co.uk>
---
Documentation/ubsan.txt | 84 +++++++
Makefile | 3 +-
arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/boot/Makefile | 1 +
arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile | 1 +
arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile | 1 +
arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile | 1 +
include/linux/sched.h | 3 +
lib/Kconfig.debug | 1 +
lib/Kconfig.ubsan | 29 +++
lib/Makefile | 3 +
lib/ubsan.c | 456 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
lib/ubsan.h | 84 +++++++
mm/kasan/Makefile | 1 +
scripts/Makefile.lib | 6 +
scripts/Makefile.ubsan | 17 ++
17 files changed, 692 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/ubsan.txt
create mode 100644 lib/Kconfig.ubsan
create mode 100644 lib/ubsan.c
create mode 100644 lib/ubsan.h
create mode 100644 scripts/Makefile.ubsan

diff --git a/Documentation/ubsan.txt b/Documentation/ubsan.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f58215ef5797
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ubsan.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,84 @@
+Undefined Behavior Sanitizer - UBSAN
+
+Overview
+--------
+
+UBSAN is a runtime undefined behaviour checker.
+
+UBSAN uses compile-time instrumentation to catch undefined behavior (UB).
+Compiler inserts code that perform certain kinds of checks before operations
+that may cause UB. If check fails (i.e. UB detected) __ubsan_handle_*
+function called to print error message.
+
+GCC has that feature since 4.9.x [1] (see -fsanitize=undefined option and
+its suboptions). GCC 5.x has more checkers implemented [2].
+
+Report example
+---------------
+
+ ================================================================================
+ UBSAN: Undefined behaviour in ../include/linux/bitops.h:110:33
+ shift exponent 32 is to large for 32-bit type 'unsigned int'
+ CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper Not tainted 4.4.0-rc1+ #26
+ 0000000000000000 ffffffff82403cc8 ffffffff815e6cd6 0000000000000001
+ ffffffff82403cf8 ffffffff82403ce0 ffffffff8163a5ed 0000000000000020
+ ffffffff82403d78 ffffffff8163ac2b ffffffff815f0001 0000000000000002
+ Call Trace:
+ [<ffffffff815e6cd6>] dump_stack+0x45/0x5f
+ [<ffffffff8163a5ed>] ubsan_epilogue+0xd/0x40
+ [<ffffffff8163ac2b>] __ubsan_handle_shift_out_of_bounds+0xeb/0x130
+ [<ffffffff815f0001>] ? radix_tree_gang_lookup_slot+0x51/0x150
+ [<ffffffff8173c586>] _mix_pool_bytes+0x1e6/0x480
+ [<ffffffff83105653>] ? dmi_walk_early+0x48/0x5c
+ [<ffffffff8173c881>] add_device_randomness+0x61/0x130
+ [<ffffffff83105b35>] ? dmi_save_one_device+0xaa/0xaa
+ [<ffffffff83105653>] dmi_walk_early+0x48/0x5c
+ [<ffffffff831066ae>] dmi_scan_machine+0x278/0x4b4
+ [<ffffffff8111d58a>] ? vprintk_default+0x1a/0x20
+ [<ffffffff830ad120>] ? early_idt_handler_array+0x120/0x120
+ [<ffffffff830b2240>] setup_arch+0x405/0xc2c
+ [<ffffffff830ad120>] ? early_idt_handler_array+0x120/0x120
+ [<ffffffff830ae053>] start_kernel+0x83/0x49a
+ [<ffffffff830ad120>] ? early_idt_handler_array+0x120/0x120
+ [<ffffffff830ad386>] x86_64_start_reservations+0x2a/0x2c
+ [<ffffffff830ad4f3>] x86_64_start_kernel+0x16b/0x17a
+ ================================================================================
+
+Usage
+-----
+
+To enable UBSAN configure kernel with:
+
+ CONFIG_UBSAN=y
+
+and to check the entire kernel:
+
+ CONFIG_UBSAN_SANITIZE_ALL=y
+
+To enable instrumentation for specific files or directories, add a line
+similar to the following to the respective kernel Makefile:
+
+ For a single file (e.g. main.o):
+ UBSAN_SANITIZE_main.o := y
+
+ For all files in one directory:
+ UBSAN_SANITIZE := y
+
+To exclude files from being instrumented even if
+CONFIG_UBSAN_SANITIZE_ALL=y, use:
+
+ UBSAN_SANITIZE_main.o := n
+ and:
+ UBSAN_SANITIZE := n
+
+Detection of unaligned accesses controlled through the separate option -
+CONFIG_UBSAN_ALIGNMENT. It's off by default on architectures that support
+unaligned accesses (CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS=y). One could
+still enable it in config, just note that it will produce a lot of UBSAN
+reports.
+
+References
+----------
+
+[1] - https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-4.9.0/gcc/Debugging-Options.html
+[2] - https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Debugging-Options.html
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 98239d56924c..504a8b90cf4e 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -415,7 +415,7 @@ export MAKE AWK GENKSYMS INSTALLKERNEL PERL PYTHON UTS_MACHINE
export HOSTCXX HOSTCXXFLAGS LDFLAGS_MODULE CHECK CHECKFLAGS

export KBUILD_CPPFLAGS NOSTDINC_FLAGS LINUXINCLUDE OBJCOPYFLAGS LDFLAGS
-export KBUILD_CFLAGS CFLAGS_KERNEL CFLAGS_MODULE CFLAGS_GCOV CFLAGS_KASAN
+export KBUILD_CFLAGS CFLAGS_KERNEL CFLAGS_MODULE CFLAGS_GCOV CFLAGS_KASAN CFLAGS_UBSAN
export KBUILD_AFLAGS AFLAGS_KERNEL AFLAGS_MODULE
export KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE
export KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL
@@ -794,6 +794,7 @@ endif

include scripts/Makefile.kasan
include scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
+include scripts/Makefile.ubsan

# Add any arch overrides and user supplied CPPFLAGS, AFLAGS and CFLAGS as the
# last assignments
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 436639a31624..803b262eb0bf 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ config X86
select ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API if X86_64
select ARCH_HAS_MMIO_FLUSH
select ARCH_HAS_SG_CHAIN
+ select ARCH_HAS_UBSAN_SANITIZE_ALL
select ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG
select ARCH_MIGHT_HAVE_ACPI_PDC if ACPI
select ARCH_MIGHT_HAVE_PC_PARPORT
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
index c0cc2a6be0bf..4a3a140f26bf 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
@@ -60,6 +60,7 @@ clean-files += cpustr.h
KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(USERINCLUDE) $(REALMODE_CFLAGS) -D_SETUP
KBUILD_AFLAGS := $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) -D__ASSEMBLY__
GCOV_PROFILE := n
+UBSAN_SANITIZE := n

$(obj)/bzImage: asflags-y := $(SVGA_MODE)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
index efa6073ffa7e..7f6c157e5da5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fno-stack-protector)

KBUILD_AFLAGS := $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) -D__ASSEMBLY__
GCOV_PROFILE := n
+UBSAN_SANITIZE :=n

LDFLAGS := -m elf_$(UTS_MACHINE)
ifeq ($(CONFIG_RELOCATABLE),y)
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
index 265c0ed68118..c854541d93ff 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@

KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(DISABLE_LTO)
KASAN_SANITIZE := n
+UBSAN_SANITIZE := n

VDSO64-$(CONFIG_X86_64) := y
VDSOX32-$(CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI) := y
diff --git a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile
index 2730d775ef9a..3e75fcf6b836 100644
--- a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile
@@ -70,3 +70,4 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(LINUXINCLUDE) $(REALMODE_CFLAGS) -D_SETUP -D_WAKEUP \
-I$(srctree)/arch/x86/boot
KBUILD_AFLAGS := $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) -D__ASSEMBLY__
GCOV_PROFILE := n
+UBSAN_SANITIZE := n
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
index 3c0467d3688c..b2a172d93a08 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(cflags-y) \

GCOV_PROFILE := n
KASAN_SANITIZE := n
+UBSAN_SANITIZE := n

lib-y := efi-stub-helper.o

diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 1c0193baea2a..90e11e40219a 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1632,6 +1632,9 @@ struct task_struct {
struct held_lock held_locks[MAX_LOCK_DEPTH];
gfp_t lockdep_reclaim_gfp;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_UBSAN
+ unsigned int in_ubsan;
+#endif

/* journalling filesystem info */
void *journal_info;
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 8c15b29d5adc..4bab98fe59a4 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1853,3 +1853,4 @@ source "samples/Kconfig"

source "lib/Kconfig.kgdb"

+source "lib/Kconfig.ubsan"
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.ubsan b/lib/Kconfig.ubsan
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..49518fb48cab
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.ubsan
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+config ARCH_HAS_UBSAN_SANITIZE_ALL
+ bool
+
+config UBSAN
+ bool "Undefined behaviour sanity checker"
+ help
+ This option enables undefined behaviour sanity checker
+ Compile-time instrumentation is used to detect various undefined
+ behaviours in runtime. Various types of checks may be enabled
+ via boot parameter ubsan_handle (see: Documentation/ubsan.txt).
+
+config UBSAN_SANITIZE_ALL
+ bool "Enable instrumentation for the entire kernel"
+ depends on UBSAN
+ depends on ARCH_HAS_UBSAN_SANITIZE_ALL
+ default y
+ help
+ This option activates instrumentation for the entire kernel.
+ If you don't enable this option, you have to explicitly specify
+ UBSAN_SANITIZE := y for the files/directories you want to check for UB.
+
+config UBSAN_ALIGNMENT
+ bool "Enable checking of pointers alignment"
+ depends on UBSAN
+ default y if !HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS
+ help
+ This option enables detection of unaligned memory accesses.
+ Enabling this option on architectures that support unalligned
+ accesses may produce a lot of false positives.
diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
index 7f1de26613d2..e710b082d38f 100644
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -208,3 +208,6 @@ quiet_cmd_build_OID_registry = GEN $@
clean-files += oid_registry_data.c

obj-$(CONFIG_UCS2_STRING) += ucs2_string.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_UBSAN) += ubsan.o
+
+UBSAN_SANITIZE_ubsan.o := n
diff --git a/lib/ubsan.c b/lib/ubsan.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8799ae5e2e42
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/ubsan.c
@@ -0,0 +1,456 @@
+/*
+ * UBSAN error reporting functions
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2014 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
+ * Author: Andrey Ryabinin <ryabinin.a.a@gmail.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+#include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+
+#include "ubsan.h"
+
+const char *type_check_kinds[] = {
+ "load of",
+ "store to",
+ "reference binding to",
+ "member access within",
+ "member call on",
+ "constructor call on",
+ "downcast of",
+ "downcast of"
+};
+
+#define REPORTED_BIT 31
+
+#if (BITS_PER_LONG == 64) && defined(__BIG_ENDIAN)
+#define COLUMN_MASK (~(1U << REPORTED_BIT))
+#define LINE_MASK (~0U)
+#else
+#define COLUMN_MASK (~0U)
+#define LINE_MASK (~(1U << REPORTED_BIT))
+#endif
+
+#define VALUE_LENGTH 40
+
+static bool was_reported(struct source_location *location)
+{
+ return test_and_set_bit(REPORTED_BIT, &location->reported);
+}
+
+static void print_source_location(const char *prefix,
+ struct source_location *loc)
+{
+ pr_err("%s %s:%d:%d\n", prefix, loc->file_name,
+ loc->line & LINE_MASK, loc->column & COLUMN_MASK);
+}
+
+static bool suppress_report(struct source_location *loc)
+{
+ return current->in_ubsan || was_reported(loc);
+}
+
+static bool type_is_int(struct type_descriptor *type)
+{
+ return type->type_kind == type_kind_int;
+}
+
+static bool type_is_signed(struct type_descriptor *type)
+{
+ WARN_ON(!type_is_int(type));
+ return type->type_info & 1;
+}
+
+static unsigned type_bit_width(struct type_descriptor *type)
+{
+ return 1 << (type->type_info >> 1);
+}
+
+static bool is_inline_int(struct type_descriptor *type)
+{
+ unsigned inline_bits = sizeof(unsigned long)*8;
+ unsigned bits = type_bit_width(type);
+
+ WARN_ON(!type_is_int(type));
+
+ return bits <= inline_bits;
+}
+
+static s_max get_signed_val(struct type_descriptor *type, unsigned long val)
+{
+ if (is_inline_int(type)) {
+ unsigned extra_bits = sizeof(s_max)*8 - type_bit_width(type);
+ return ((s_max)val) << extra_bits >> extra_bits;
+ }
+
+ if (type_bit_width(type) == 64)
+ return *(s64 *)val;
+
+ return *(s_max *)val;
+}
+
+static bool val_is_negative(struct type_descriptor *type, unsigned long val)
+{
+ return type_is_signed(type) && get_signed_val(type, val) < 0;
+}
+
+static u_max get_unsigned_val(struct type_descriptor *type, unsigned long val)
+{
+ if (is_inline_int(type))
+ return val;
+
+ if (type_bit_width(type) == 64)
+ return *(u64 *)val;
+
+ return *(u_max *)val;
+}
+
+static void val_to_string(char *str, size_t size, struct type_descriptor *type,
+ unsigned long value)
+{
+ if (type_is_int(type)) {
+ if (type_bit_width(type) == 128) {
+#if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_SUPPORTS_INT128) && defined(__SIZEOF_INT128__)
+ u_max val = get_unsigned_val(type, value);
+
+ scnprintf(str, size, "0x%08x%08x%08x%08x",
+ (u32)(val >> 96),
+ (u32)(val >> 64),
+ (u32)(val >> 32),
+ (u32)(val));
+#else
+ WARN_ON(1);
+#endif
+ } else if (type_is_signed(type)) {
+ scnprintf(str, size, "%lld",
+ (s64)get_signed_val(type, value));
+ } else {
+ scnprintf(str, size, "%llu",
+ (u64)get_unsigned_val(type, value));
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static bool location_is_valid(struct source_location *loc)
+{
+ return loc->file_name != NULL;
+}
+
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(report_lock);
+
+static void ubsan_prologue(struct source_location *location,
+ unsigned long *flags)
+{
+ current->in_ubsan++;
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&report_lock, *flags);
+
+ pr_err("========================================"
+ "========================================\n");
+ print_source_location("UBSAN: Undefined behaviour in", location);
+}
+
+static void ubsan_epilogue(unsigned long *flags)
+{
+ dump_stack();
+ pr_err("========================================"
+ "========================================\n");
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&report_lock, *flags);
+ current->in_ubsan--;
+}
+
+static void handle_overflow(struct overflow_data *data, unsigned long lhs,
+ unsigned long rhs, char op)
+{
+
+ struct type_descriptor *type = data->type;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ char lhs_val_str[VALUE_LENGTH];
+ char rhs_val_str[VALUE_LENGTH];
+
+ if (suppress_report(&data->location))
+ return;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+
+ val_to_string(lhs_val_str, sizeof(lhs_val_str), type, lhs);
+ val_to_string(rhs_val_str, sizeof(rhs_val_str), type, rhs);
+ pr_err("%s integer overflow:\n",
+ type_is_signed(type) ? "signed" : "unsigned");
+ pr_err("%s %c %s cannot be represented in type %s\n",
+ lhs_val_str,
+ op,
+ rhs_val_str,
+ type->type_name);
+
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+}
+
+void __ubsan_handle_add_overflow(struct overflow_data *data,
+ unsigned long lhs,
+ unsigned long rhs)
+{
+
+ handle_overflow(data, lhs, rhs, '+');
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_add_overflow);
+
+void __ubsan_handle_sub_overflow(struct overflow_data *data,
+ unsigned long lhs,
+ unsigned long rhs)
+{
+ handle_overflow(data, lhs, rhs, '-');
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_sub_overflow);
+
+void __ubsan_handle_mul_overflow(struct overflow_data *data,
+ unsigned long lhs,
+ unsigned long rhs)
+{
+ handle_overflow(data, lhs, rhs, '*');
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_mul_overflow);
+
+void __ubsan_handle_negate_overflow(struct overflow_data *data,
+ unsigned long old_val)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ char old_val_str[VALUE_LENGTH];
+
+ if (suppress_report(&data->location))
+ return;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+
+ val_to_string(old_val_str, sizeof(old_val_str), data->type, old_val);
+
+ pr_err("negation of %s cannot be represented in type %s:\n",
+ old_val_str, data->type->type_name);
+
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_negate_overflow);
+
+
+void __ubsan_handle_divrem_overflow(struct overflow_data *data,
+ unsigned long lhs,
+ unsigned long rhs)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ char rhs_val_str[VALUE_LENGTH];
+
+ if (suppress_report(&data->location))
+ return;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+
+ val_to_string(rhs_val_str, sizeof(rhs_val_str), data->type, rhs);
+
+ if (type_is_signed(data->type) && get_signed_val(data->type, rhs) == -1)
+ pr_err("division of %s by -1 cannot be represented in type %s\n",
+ rhs_val_str, data->type->type_name);
+ else
+ pr_err("division by zero\n");
+
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_divrem_overflow);
+
+static void handle_null_ptr_deref(struct type_mismatch_data *data)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (suppress_report(&data->location))
+ return;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+
+ pr_err("%s null pointer of type %s\n",
+ type_check_kinds[data->type_check_kind],
+ data->type->type_name);
+
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+}
+
+static void handle_missaligned_access(struct type_mismatch_data *data,
+ unsigned long ptr)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (suppress_report(&data->location))
+ return;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+
+ pr_err("%s misaligned address %p for type %s\n",
+ type_check_kinds[data->type_check_kind],
+ (void *)ptr, data->type->type_name);
+ pr_err("which requires %ld byte alignment\n", data->alignment);
+
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+}
+
+static void handle_object_size_mismatch(struct type_mismatch_data *data,
+ unsigned long ptr)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (suppress_report(&data->location))
+ return;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+ pr_err("%s address %pk with insufficient space\n",
+ type_check_kinds[data->type_check_kind],
+ (void *) ptr);
+ pr_err("for an object of type %s\n", data->type->type_name);
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+}
+
+void __ubsan_handle_type_mismatch(struct type_mismatch_data *data,
+ unsigned long ptr)
+{
+
+ if (!ptr)
+ handle_null_ptr_deref(data);
+ else if (data->alignment && !IS_ALIGNED(ptr, data->alignment))
+ handle_missaligned_access(data, ptr);
+ else
+ handle_object_size_mismatch(data, ptr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_type_mismatch);
+
+void __ubsan_handle_nonnull_return(struct nonnull_return_data *data)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (suppress_report(&data->location))
+ return;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+
+ pr_err("null pointer returned from function declared to never return null\n");
+
+ if (location_is_valid(&data->attr_location))
+ print_source_location("returns_nonnull attribute specified in",
+ &data->attr_location);
+
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_nonnull_return);
+
+void __ubsan_handle_vla_bound_not_positive(struct vla_bound_data *data,
+ unsigned long bound)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ char bound_str[VALUE_LENGTH];
+
+ if (suppress_report(&data->location))
+ return;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+
+ val_to_string(bound_str, sizeof(bound_str), data->type, bound);
+ pr_err("variable length array bound value %s <= 0\n", bound_str);
+
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_vla_bound_not_positive);
+
+void __ubsan_handle_out_of_bounds(struct out_of_bounds_data *data,
+ unsigned long index)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ char index_str[VALUE_LENGTH];
+
+ if (suppress_report(&data->location))
+ return;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+
+ val_to_string(index_str, sizeof(index_str), data->index_type, index);
+ pr_err("index %s is out of range for type %s\n", index_str,
+ data->array_type->type_name);
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_out_of_bounds);
+
+void __ubsan_handle_shift_out_of_bounds(struct shift_out_of_bounds_data *data,
+ unsigned long lhs, unsigned long rhs)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct type_descriptor *rhs_type = data->rhs_type;
+ struct type_descriptor *lhs_type = data->lhs_type;
+ char rhs_str[VALUE_LENGTH];
+ char lhs_str[VALUE_LENGTH];
+
+ if (suppress_report(&data->location))
+ return;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+
+ val_to_string(rhs_str, sizeof(rhs_str), rhs_type, rhs);
+ val_to_string(lhs_str, sizeof(lhs_str), lhs_type, lhs);
+
+ if (val_is_negative(rhs_type, rhs))
+ pr_err("shift exponent %s is negative\n", rhs_str);
+
+ else if (get_unsigned_val(rhs_type, rhs) >=
+ type_bit_width(lhs_type))
+ pr_err("shift exponent %s is too large for %u-bit type %s\n",
+ rhs_str,
+ type_bit_width(lhs_type),
+ lhs_type->type_name);
+ else if (val_is_negative(lhs_type, lhs))
+ pr_err("left shift of negative value %s\n",
+ lhs_str);
+ else
+ pr_err("left shift of %s by %s places cannot be"
+ " represented in type %s\n",
+ lhs_str, rhs_str,
+ lhs_type->type_name);
+
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_shift_out_of_bounds);
+
+
+void __noreturn
+__ubsan_handle_builtin_unreachable(struct unreachable_data *data)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+ pr_err("calling __builtin_unreachable()\n");
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+ panic("can't return from __builtin_unreachable()");
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_builtin_unreachable);
+
+void __ubsan_handle_load_invalid_value(struct invalid_value_data *data,
+ unsigned long val)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ char val_str[VALUE_LENGTH];
+
+ if (suppress_report(&data->location))
+ return;
+
+ ubsan_prologue(&data->location, &flags);
+
+ val_to_string(val_str, sizeof(val_str), data->type, val);
+
+ pr_err("load of value %s is not a valid value for type %s\n",
+ val_str, data->type->type_name);
+
+ ubsan_epilogue(&flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ubsan_handle_load_invalid_value);
diff --git a/lib/ubsan.h b/lib/ubsan.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b2d18d4a53f5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/ubsan.h
@@ -0,0 +1,84 @@
+#ifndef _LIB_UBSAN_H
+#define _LIB_UBSAN_H
+
+enum {
+ type_kind_int = 0,
+ type_kind_float = 1,
+ type_unknown = 0xffff
+};
+
+struct type_descriptor {
+ u16 type_kind;
+ u16 type_info;
+ char type_name[1];
+};
+
+struct source_location {
+ const char *file_name;
+ union {
+ unsigned long reported;
+ struct {
+ u32 line;
+ u32 column;
+ };
+ };
+};
+
+struct overflow_data {
+ struct source_location location;
+ struct type_descriptor *type;
+};
+
+struct type_mismatch_data {
+ struct source_location location;
+ struct type_descriptor *type;
+ unsigned long alignment;
+ unsigned char type_check_kind;
+};
+
+struct nonnull_arg_data {
+ struct source_location location;
+ struct source_location attr_location;
+ int arg_index;
+};
+
+struct nonnull_return_data {
+ struct source_location location;
+ struct source_location attr_location;
+};
+
+struct vla_bound_data {
+ struct source_location location;
+ struct type_descriptor *type;
+};
+
+struct out_of_bounds_data {
+ struct source_location location;
+ struct type_descriptor *array_type;
+ struct type_descriptor *index_type;
+};
+
+struct shift_out_of_bounds_data {
+ struct source_location location;
+ struct type_descriptor *lhs_type;
+ struct type_descriptor *rhs_type;
+};
+
+struct unreachable_data {
+ struct source_location location;
+};
+
+struct invalid_value_data {
+ struct source_location location;
+ struct type_descriptor *type;
+};
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_SUPPORTS_INT128) && defined(__SIZEOF_INT128__)
+typedef __int128 s_max;
+typedef unsigned __int128 u_max;
+#else
+typedef s64 s_max;
+typedef u64 u_max;
+#endif
+
+#endif
diff --git a/mm/kasan/Makefile b/mm/kasan/Makefile
index 64710148941e..a61460d9f5b0 100644
--- a/mm/kasan/Makefile
+++ b/mm/kasan/Makefile
@@ -1,4 +1,5 @@
KASAN_SANITIZE := n
+UBSAN_SANITIZE_kasan.o := n

CFLAGS_REMOVE_kasan.o = -pg
# Function splitter causes unnecessary splits in __asan_load1/__asan_store1
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.lib b/scripts/Makefile.lib
index 79e86613712f..d7c2032d0fe4 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.lib
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.lib
@@ -129,6 +129,12 @@ _c_flags += $(if $(patsubst n%,, \
$(CFLAGS_KASAN))
endif

+ifeq ($(CONFIG_UBSAN),y)
+_c_flags += $(if $(patsubst n%,, \
+ $(UBSAN_SANITIZE_$(basetarget).o)$(UBSAN_SANITIZE)$(CONFIG_UBSAN_SANITIZE_ALL)), \
+ $(CFLAGS_UBSAN))
+endif
+
# If building the kernel in a separate objtree expand all occurrences
# of -Idir to -I$(srctree)/dir except for absolute paths (starting with '/').

diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.ubsan b/scripts/Makefile.ubsan
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8ab68679cfb5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.ubsan
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+ifdef CONFIG_UBSAN
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=shift)
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=integer-divide-by-zero)
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=unreachable)
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=vla-bound)
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=null)
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=signed-integer-overflow)
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=bounds)
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=object-size)
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=returns-nonnull-attribute)
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=bool)
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=enum)
+
+ifdef CONFIG_UBSAN_ALIGNMENT
+ CFLAGS_UBSAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=alignment)
+endif
+endif
--
2.10.2



--
Ben Hutchings
Software Developer, Codethink Ltd.

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